Wood framing refers to the fitting together of various parts to form a framework and support a building structure. Wood framing techniques are usually stable wood, such as stucco, masonry, or wooden shakes. However, due to variation in quality of wood and increased technological advancements, wood framing is now fast replacing many traditional framing methods. A wood framing project entails a number of steps, beginning with preparation for installation. The techniques may vary depending on the type of project, but there are some general guidelines.
When a structure is to be framed, it is first subjected to adequate preparation. This includes removing old structure elements and filling in cracks, gaps, and joint areas with new construction material. Structural wood framing, in particular, should be done only after all demolition and repair procedures have been completed. It is important to note that most building codes do not allow the removal of existing framing during construction. Any parts that may be removed must be replaced.
Next, the new construction material is prepared for installation. To provide a smooth surface, the floor joists are installed first, followed by the wall and ceiling frames. Once these sections are ready, the wall and ceiling are placed on plywood strips and then are prehung with nailing. All holes and joint areas are sealed using silicone caulk, and finally the floor, ceiling, and wall units are installed, nailed, and turned to fit their proper position.
Aiding in the installation of walls and roofs is accomplished with fasteners called nail and screw. Usually, nails are used for walls and ceilings while stainless steel screws are used for structurally reinforced walls. Since wood framing requires the use of nails or screws, fasteners are a good way of ensuring that the floor, ceiling, and wall units will remain in place once they have been installed. Fastening methods are typically based on the principle of self-adhesive, which uses small amounts of glue between the fastener and the wall or other installed object.
The framing of floors, ceilings, and walls require different types of fasteners to hold them in position and provide support. For example, load-bearing walls need steel rods with eyelets at each end for attaching the floor frames. This allows the weight of heavy furniture to be evenly distributed along the wall. Other methods of securing the floor frames include using ties and racking.
Wood framing, like other types of frame construction, requires skill and knowledge. Some homeowners may choose to hire a professional contractor to complete the job. There are plenty of home improvement and fabrication stores where framing can be purchased. These retailers often carry a wide range of options for both new and used materials. Homeowners should be sure to research different manufacturers before making a purchase to ensure they are purchasing a quality product.